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Anna's Hummingbird

Scientific name: Calypte anna

Length: 4 inches (10 cm)

Identification: Male Anna's hummingbirds have a rose-red crown and gorget (throat) that extends to the sides of the neck. Both the female and male are metallic (iridescent) green above and grayish white below. Females lack the red crown, but may have a red throat patch. Both have dark wings and tails, and the female has white tipped tail feathers.

Habitat and range: A common visitor to the southeastern desert areas of California, the Anna's hummingbird is found along the west coast of the United States, but some winter in southern Arizona and northern Sonora in Mexico. Its habitat varies from the desert to the mountains to the coastal areas along the west coast. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Anna's hummingbird has been seen ranging into Vancouver, British Columbia, even up to southeast Alaska.

FYI: The bird was named by the naturalist Rene Primevere Lesson for a 19th century Italian duchess Anna De Belle Massena, whose husband, Prince Victor Massena, had collected a specimen in his private collection. Source:
The Wildlife Center of Silicon Valley Pollination is only one benefit of the hummingbird, since the Anna's hummingbird has the title of the greatest consumer of insects of any North American hummingbird -- catching on wing flying insects. Source: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology Mating for the male Anna's hummingbird is described as an "air dance" or "pendulum dance," since the male flies back and forth like a swinging pendulum before he dives downward towards his intended mate. He makes a loud, explosive noise at the bottom of the dive to impress the female. If he succeeds in winning the female and mating, then the two bean-sized eggs incubated by the female will hatch into tiny, black, blind buglike creatures, which are the baby hummingbirds. Source: "Hummingbird," The Audubon Nature Encyclopedia, 1965, Vol. 5, pp. 896-7.

Outside links:

Pictures: click picture(s) for larger version, photo credits, and description.

Select a hummingbird by its name:
(in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird

Anna's Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird
Blue-throated Hummingbird


Booted Racket-tail Hummingbird


Broad-billed Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird


Calliope Hummingbird


Costa's Hummingbird
Crimson Topaz Hummingbird


Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird


Magnificent (Rivoli's) Hummingbird
Peruvian Sheartail Hummingbird   Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird   Red-billed Streamertail Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird   Rufous Hummingbird   Sword-billed Hummingbird
Violet-crowned Hummingbird   White-eared Hummingbird   Xantus' Hummingbird

Select a hummingbird's nest by its name: (in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Anna's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Bearded Helmetcrest Hummingbird (nest)
Black-chinned Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Broad-billed Hummingbird (eggs only)


Buff-bellied Hummingbird (nest)
Calliope Hummingbird (nest)


Costa's Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Fork-tailed Emerald Hummingbird (nest)
Giant Hummingbird (nest)


Glittering-bellied Emerald Hummingbird (nest)


Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Hummingbird (nest)
Purple-throated Sunangel Hummingbird (nest)   Ruby-throated Hummingbird (nest)   Rufous Hummingbird (nest) & with parents
Sappho Comet Hummingbird (nest)   Xantus' Hummingbird (nest)  

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Hummingbird Pictures Guide, and may NOT be used for other purposes.

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