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Crimson Topaz Hummingbird

Scientific name: Topaza pella

Length: 7.9 inches (20 cm)

Identification: The male crimson topaz has highly distinctive tail feathers that cross halfway down. It also has a golden-yellow throat patch and an iridescent red underside.

Habitat and range: As a bird of the Amazons, the crimson topaz can be found in Amazonian Brazil down to south of the Amazon River, in southern Brazil and the Guianas. They especially inhabit the canopies of the narrow strips of forest along the rivers, i.e., gallery forests.

FYI: Most of the time, this hummingbird is 150 feet above the ground in the flowered canopy of the rainforest, and for this reason, viewing and photographing the bird is quite difficult. The crimson topaz is the largest hummingbird of Brazil, and in the Andes only the giant hummingbird (Patagona gigas) is larger. Every rule about hummingbirds, e.g., hummingbirds will not walk even two inches, will have an exception or idiosyncrasy. For example, Alexander Skutch reports that the olivaceous thornbill hummingbird has been observed by Francois Vuilleumier -- in Bolivia, at the 15,000 foot (4,572 m) level -- walking over the densely grass cushions of a meadow feeding on insects. Source: Alexander F. Skutch, The Life of the Hummingbird (New York: Vineyard Books, Inc., 1973), p. 53.

Outside links:

Pictures: click picture(s) for larger version, photo credits, and description.

Select a hummingbird by its name:
(in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird

Anna's Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird
Blue-throated Hummingbird


Booted Racket-tail Hummingbird


Broad-billed Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird


Calliope Hummingbird


Costa's Hummingbird
Crimson Topaz Hummingbird


Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird


Magnificent (Rivoli's) Hummingbird
Peruvian Sheartail Hummingbird   Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird   Red-billed Streamertail Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird   Rufous Hummingbird   Sword-billed Hummingbird
Violet-crowned Hummingbird   White-eared Hummingbird   Xantus' Hummingbird

Select a hummingbird's nest by its name: (in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Anna's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Bearded Helmetcrest Hummingbird (nest)
Black-chinned Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Broad-billed Hummingbird (eggs only)


Buff-bellied Hummingbird (nest)
Calliope Hummingbird (nest)


Costa's Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Fork-tailed Emerald Hummingbird (nest)
Giant Hummingbird (nest)


Glittering-bellied Emerald Hummingbird (nest)


Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Hummingbird (nest)
Purple-throated Sunangel Hummingbird (nest)   Ruby-throated Hummingbird (nest)   Rufous Hummingbird (nest) & with parents
Sappho Comet Hummingbird (nest)   Xantus' Hummingbird (nest)  

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Hummingbird Pictures Guide, and may NOT be used for other purposes.

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