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Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird

Scientific name: Heliomaster constantii

Length: 5 1/2 inches (14 cm)

Identification: One of the larger hummingbirds with a noticeably long bill. Dull blackish gorget (throat), white eye stripe, white mustache (under the eye and on both sides of bill), dull bronze-green uppers, and white patch on back and rump, the female and male are similar in appearance.

Habitat and range: The Heliomaster constantii is found in Mexico and Central America, occasionally making its way into southern Arizona.

FYI: Though a hummingbird's legs are little used for walking, they are used for perching and scratching their head. A hummingbird, who flies into a room or enclosure, may initially seek to escape by flying higher to the ceiling, but they have the intelligence to explore and find an open window. Sleeping hummingbirds roost with their necks retracted and their bills pointed straight ahead. Source: Alexander F. Skutch, The Life of the Hummingbird (New York: Vineyard Books, Inc., 1973), p. 58. Most birds take off by leaping into the air by pushing away from their perch, but the hummingbird lifts off by rapidly moving its wings -- gaining as much by the upstroke as the downstroke -- actually pulling their branch perch upwards before they let go. Source: "Hummingbird," The International Wildlife Encyclopedia, 1969, Vol. 9, p. 1136.

Outside links:

Pictures: click picture(s) for larger version, photo credits, and description.

Select a hummingbird by its name:
(in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird

Anna's Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird
Blue-throated Hummingbird


Booted Racket-tail Hummingbird


Broad-billed Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird


Calliope Hummingbird


Costa's Hummingbird
Crimson Topaz Hummingbird


Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird


Magnificent (Rivoli's) Hummingbird
Peruvian Sheartail Hummingbird   Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird   Red-billed Streamertail Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird   Rufous Hummingbird   Sword-billed Hummingbird
Violet-crowned Hummingbird   White-eared Hummingbird   Xantus' Hummingbird

Select a hummingbird's nest by its name: (in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Anna's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Bearded Helmetcrest Hummingbird (nest)
Black-chinned Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Broad-billed Hummingbird (eggs only)


Buff-bellied Hummingbird (nest)
Calliope Hummingbird (nest)


Costa's Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Fork-tailed Emerald Hummingbird (nest)
Giant Hummingbird (nest)


Glittering-bellied Emerald Hummingbird (nest)


Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Hummingbird (nest)
Purple-throated Sunangel Hummingbird (nest)   Ruby-throated Hummingbird (nest)   Rufous Hummingbird (nest) & with parents
Sappho Comet Hummingbird (nest)   Xantus' Hummingbird (nest)  

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Hummingbird Pictures Guide, and may NOT be used for other purposes.

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