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Xantus' Hummingbird or Black-fronted Hummingbird

Scientific name: Hylocharis xantusii

Length: 3 1/2 inches (8.89 cm)

Identification: Both sexes have a red bill with a dusky top. The female has a grayish-brown forehead. The male has a white patch above and behind the eye, a brushed green body, and a rufous belly.

Habitat and range: This hummer is normally found only in Baja California.

FYI: Since Xantus' hummingbird inhabits only the Baja peninsula, it is properly a Mexican hummingbird. North American hummingbirds -- ruby-throated, Anna's, Allen's, Costa's, rufous, black-chinned, calliope, and broad-tailed -- put on spectacular mating displays, with the male diving sometimes 100 feet (30.5 m), then arcing upward in a u-turn to impress the female. The female may join in the precipitous ascent and diving. In Peru, the female Andean hillstar hummingbird feeds the male -- the way to a man's heart is through his stomach -- before the pair mates. Source: Alexander F. Skutch, The Life of the Hummingbird (New York: Vineyard Books, Inc., 1973), p. 65-66. It has been noted by some naturalists that the behavior of hummingbirds can be compared more to insects than birds in disposition, for instance, they will often hover unperturbed within inches of man, choosing to circle rather than flee, if swatted at. Source: "Hummingbird," The Audubon Nature Encyclopedia, 1965, Vol. 5, p. 892.

Outside links:

Pictures: click picture(s) for larger version, photo credits, and description.

Select a hummingbird by its name:
(in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird

Anna's Hummingbird

Black-chinned Hummingbird
Blue-throated Hummingbird


Booted Racket-tail Hummingbird


Broad-billed Hummingbird
Broad-tailed Hummingbird


Calliope Hummingbird


Costa's Hummingbird
Crimson Topaz Hummingbird


Long-tailed Hermit Hummingbird


Magnificent (Rivoli's) Hummingbird
Peruvian Sheartail Hummingbird   Plain-capped Starthroat Hummingbird   Red-billed Streamertail Hummingbird
Ruby-throated Hummingbird   Rufous Hummingbird   Sword-billed Hummingbird
Violet-crowned Hummingbird   White-eared Hummingbird   Xantus' Hummingbird

Select a hummingbird's nest by its name: (in alphabetical order)

Allen's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Anna's Hummingbird (nest) & another

Bearded Helmetcrest Hummingbird (nest)
Black-chinned Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Broad-billed Hummingbird (eggs only)


Buff-bellied Hummingbird (nest)
Calliope Hummingbird (nest)


Costa's Hummingbird (nest) & another & with mother


Fork-tailed Emerald Hummingbird (nest)
Giant Hummingbird (nest)


Glittering-bellied Emerald Hummingbird (nest)


Golden-bellied Starfrontlet Hummingbird (nest)
Purple-throated Sunangel Hummingbird (nest)   Ruby-throated Hummingbird (nest)   Rufous Hummingbird (nest) & with parents
Sappho Comet Hummingbird (nest)   Xantus' Hummingbird (nest)  

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Hummingbird Pictures Guide, and may NOT be used for other purposes.

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